Pottery dating method
Since certain species of animals existed on Earth at specific times in history, the fossils or remains of such animals embedded within those successive layers of rock also help scientists determine the age of the layers.
Similarly, pollen grains released by seed-bearing plants became fossilized in rock layers.
An example are assemblages of pottery sherds each including roughly the same range of types though in different proportions.
Jørgensen 1992; Two different variants of seriation have been applied: contextual seriation and frequency seriation (Renfrew and Bahn 1996, pp. Whereas contextual seriation is based on the presence or absence of a design style, frequency seriation relies on measuring the proportional abundance or frequency of a design style.
Wiens has a Ph D in Physics, with a minor in Geology.
His Ph D thesis was on isotope ratios in meteorites, including surface exposure dating.
The use of clay seems to have been independently developed by different peoples in different places.
In Syro-Palestine (which encompasses the modern state of Israel and portions of Jordan, Syria and Egypt) clay is very accessible.In archaeology, seriation is a relative dating method in which assemblages or artifacts from numerous sites, in the same culture, are placed in chronological order.Where absolute dating methods, such as carbon dating, cannot be applied, archaeologists have to use relative dating methods to date archaeological finds and features.They developed several methodologies for archaeological research routinely utilized in undertaking archaeological research in the Holy Land (i.e. Some of these methods, to mention a few, are architectural traits of a certain period Undoubtedly, archaeology has gained much with technology, however, more than one hundred years ago, the British excavator Sir Flinders Petrie introduced a method that, by far, is the most common in the archaeology of the Levant. from the city of Gaza in southern Palestine) and consisted in the usage of pottery as a dating method.